Tag Archives: orthopaedic doctor in Delhi

calcification

Calcification: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment of Calcium Deposits

Calcium is incredibly important for the functioning of the human body. Although 99 percent is found in teeth and bones, blood vessels, nerves, and muscles also need calcium.

They get it through blood vapor, in which that important remaining one percent must reside.

The term “calcification” refers to the accumulation of calcium in parts of the body where it should not accumulate, causing hardening of the tissues in question. This type of calcium build-up can affect many parts of the body, including:

  • The arteries ( atherosclerosis )
  • heart valves (calcification of the aortic valve)
  • other organs, such as the kidneys, bladder, and even (though rare) the liver
  • other soft tissues (muscles, breasts, fatty tissue)
  • joints and tendons.
  • the brain (cranial calcification)

What Causes Calcification?

Some calcification is a normal and expected part of the aging process. Almost all adult humans have some calcification of the pineal gland in the brain, and about half of women over 50 have some calcification within their breast tissues.

However, calcifications can also be pathological, and depending on the type of calcification, the following causes may play a role:

  • Excessive intake of vitamin D (soft tissue calcification, kidney stones)
  • a vitamin K deficiency
  • age in combination with excessive physical activity and / or being overweight (calcification as a complication of osteoarthritis)
  • genetics
  • existing heart or kidney conditions
  • taking certain medications that affect the way your body processes calcium, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol medications.
  • injury
  • of smoking

How do you know if you are experiencing calcification? Can you prevent it?

Due to the various parts of the body that can be affected by calcification, it is impossible to make general statements about the symptoms that people may experience. However, most of the time there will be no obvious symptoms, and it is very likely that you will discover calcifications after undergoing an X-ray for entirely different reasons.

The best thing anyone can do to try to prevent calcification is to live a healthy life and talk to the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi about prevention if they are at higher risk. It is also advisable that you attend preventive medical exams with your doctor, especially once you reach middle age and beyond.

Treatment for calcification

Treatment for calcification depends entirely on the type you are dealing with. Calcium deposits in the joints and tendons can be removed surgically. While people with kidney stones will likely be prescribed diuretics that stimulate calcium build-up in the bones.

Those prone to kidney stones may also be advised to reduce their calcium intake. Surgery may be necessary if you suffer from heart valve calcification, while those with cerebral calcification may be prescribed bisphosphonates, a class of medication that is also used to treat osteoporosis.

In conclusion

While calcification of any kind is unlikely to produce symptoms that easily lead to self-diagnosis, anyone concerned about their health should see a orthopaedic in Delhi. The detailed description of your symptoms will allow your doctor to decide what kinds of tests should be done, leading to a diagnosis.

carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Operation

Carpal Tunnel Operation duration

The duration of the Carpal Tunnel Operation is approximately 60 minutes. Generally, the patient can go home the same day of the surgery, although it will depend on the indications of the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

What is the Carpal Tunnel Operation?

The carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which the median nerve is subjected to excessive pressure. The median nerve is located in the wrist and allows the hand to have sensitivity and movement in certain parts. When a person has carpal tunnel syndrome, they often feel numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage to the hand and fingers.

This syndrome can be caused by using tools that vibrate and it is even believed that other activities such as typing, using the mouse, playing an instrument … can cause this inflammation and narrow the carpal tunnel, causing pain.

Other causes can be alcoholism, fractures of the bones, arthritis in the wrist, cyst or tumor in the wrist, infections, obesity, fluids that accumulate during pregnancy and menopause, or rheumatoid arthritis.

It is more common in women than in men and occurs especially in people between 30 and 60 years old.

Surgery Information

What is Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery?

It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which the ligament that exerts pressure on the nerve is cut. Local anaesthesia is used and the patient leaves the hospital the same day. At home, the patient is advised to make hand and wrist movements to avoid stiffness and swelling.

The surgical intervention has a very short duration, about 15 minutes.

The use of a special wristband may be indicated during the first three weeks. Of course, overexertion and forced wrist postures should be avoided.

Normally it is a very effective surgery, but it will depend on each patient. Full recovery can take about two months.

After the operation you may feel discomfort or swelling, for this, the orthopaedic in Delhi will prescribe the indicated medication.

Full recovery usually occurs after these 4 or 6 months. This intervention is usually very effective. The innovative techniques used make possible a faster recovery and fewer complications in surgery.

Do not hesitate to go to a consultation with the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi if you think you may have this problem.

What symptoms does carpal tunnel syndrome have?

Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • The clumsiness of the hand when grasping objects.
  • Numbness and tingling in the thumb and the next two or three fingers. It can also be felt in the palm of the hand.
  • Pain from hand to elbow.
  • Pain in the hand or wrist.
  • Problems with coordination in fine movements.
  • Atrophy of the muscle below the thumb.
  • Difficulty loading bags.
  • Weakness in one or both hands.

What is the initial treatment?

When this syndrome appears, your orthopaedic doctor in Dwarka will advise you to wear a splint at night, avoid sleeping on your wrists and apply cold or heat to the affected area. Additionally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroid injections may be prescribed to relieve symptoms.

When none of these treatments works, carpal tunnel release surgery can be used. In the long term, surgical treatment is the only solution for carpal tunnel syndrome.  

Femur Fracture

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Femur Fracture

What is an open reduction and internal fixation of the femur fracture?

Open reduction and internal fixation is a surgery used to heal and stabilize a broken bone. You may need this procedure to treat your broken femur (thigh bone).

The femur is the large bone in the upper leg. Various types of trauma can damage this bone, causing it to fracture into two or more pieces. This can occur in the part of the femur near the knee, near the middle of the femur, or in the part of the femur that is part of the hip joint. In some types of femur fractures, your femur has ruptured, but its parts still line up correctly. In other types of fractures (displaced fractures), trauma moves the bone fragments out of alignment.

Usually, you need open reduction and internal fixation to get your bones back into place and help them heal when the femur fractures. During an open reduction, the orthopaedic surgeons replace their bone pieces during surgery, so that they are back in their correct alignment. This is in contrast to a closed reduction, in which an orthopaedic doctor in Delhi physically moves the bones into place without surgically exposing them.

Internal fixation can be defined as a method of physically reconnecting your bones. This could include special orthopaedic screws, plates, rods, wires, or nails that your orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi places inside your bones to put them in the correct position. This prevents your bones from healing abnormally. For a fracture of the long and middle part of your femur, your surgeon may insert a long metal rod through the middle of your bone. The complete operation is normally performed while you are asleep under general anaesthesia.

Why might you need open reduction and internal fixation of the femur fracture?

Some medical conditions can increase the chance of breaking your femur. For example, if you are an older adult, osteoporosis increases the risk of fracturing your femur. Your femur may also be expected to rupture if you have bone cancer. Auto accidents, firearm injuries, sports-related injuries, and falls are common sources of trauma that can cause a femur fracture. A direct blow to the hip can break the part of the femur associated with the hip joint.

Most people with a fractured femur need some type of surgery, usually open reduction and internal fixation. Your broken femur may not heal properly without surgery. Open reduction and internal fixation can put your bones back in their proper settings. This significantly increases the chance that your bone will heal properly. Your orthopaedic doctor in Delhi may recommend nonsurgical treatment for a very young child or for people with other medical conditions that make surgery more dangerous.

You may need open reduction and internal fixation for a fracture that occurs anywhere in your femur, including the part that is part of your hip joint. In a “broken hip,” it is usually a part of your femur that breaks, and not part of the hip bone itself.

elbow fracture

WHAT TO DO WITH AN ELBOW FRACTURE

They are frequent in children and can become complex.

The fractures of the elbow include a wide spectrum of injuries whose treatment ranges from a brief period of immobilization and immediate rehabilitation to complex surgery and long periods of rehabilitation.

Dr. Ashu Consul an elbow and shoulder specialist traumatologist, orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi, indicates that when faced with a traumatic elbow injury, the first thing to do is apply ice, immobilize with a sling and consult an emergency or trauma service to Clinically and imaging the lesion.

“In those minor fractures, for example, fractures of the radius dome without displacement, a short immobilization period of 7-10 days is sufficient, and then early mobilization begins, sometimes assisted with kinesiology depending on the injury, ”orthopaedic in Delhi explains.

Above all, in children, elbow fractures are frequent, especially those that involve the distal humerus says the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi. “Its management ranges from plaster for 3 weeks in those nondisplaced fractures, and surgery with reduction (alignment of the fracture) and needle fixation in those displaced fractures,” he indicates.

There are severe elbow injuries that occur in higher energy trauma and these involve severe bone or soft tissue (ligament) injury. “These types of injuries may require a complex plate and screw fixation surgeries and long periods of rehabilitation,” says Dr. Consul.

The elbow is a joint in which stiffness is frequently presented as a complication, which is why its management must be carried out by specialists, both trauma and kinesiologists, he emphasizes.

Full and definitive recovery from a complex elbow fracture can take 6 to 8 months.

hip-replacement

FAQ about hip replacement

Orthopaedic doctor in Delhi has always recommended avoiding joint wear and tear to maintain movement, hopefully throughout life. This need has been so pressing for humanity that more than 100 years ago, surgeries were already performed in which tissues or elements such as metal sheets were interposed to hold the bones in place.

However, the first complete joint change was not made until 1938, when the first hip was replaced in the United States; a procedure that was improving until in 1960 the Englishman John Charnley laid the foundations for doing transplants of this joint in a systematic way.

What is it and what is changed?

Total hip replacement is the exchange of all the components of the joint for an artificial implant called a prosthesis. The hip has two main parts: a cavity in the pelvis called the acetabulum and the head of the femur, and they are the ones that are replaced.

Why do you have to replace a hip?

Because the cartilage wears out and the bones begin to touch each other, which produces pain and deterioration, configuring a condition called osteoarthritis. This is reached by problems in development, some diseases, overweight and the wear and tear of age. The hip also needs to be replaced in cases of traumatic fractures or destruction.

And works?

Of course. By replacing it, the person can lead a normal life and when measuring its results in terms of quality of life, it is one of the most favorable procedures, which earned it the most important surgery of the last century.

How long is the procedure?

About an hour. It is a safe, reproducible and long-lasting procedure.

How is the recovery?

This starts from the first day of surgery with movements in the feet and knees. The next day, the person can already support in the middle of a rehabilitation program and at the following 6 or 8 weeks the person can resume normal activity.

How does a person feel with a different material in the body?

Pain relief from the first day is the first feeling that people refer to and eventually they say they feel something strange, but not annoying in those places.

Do the children have surgery?

No. It is a procedure that requires skeletal maturity. So it can be operated at the end of adolescence.

What complications does it have?

Although it is a very safe procedure, it is not without infections or dislocations that occur in a very low percentage.

What is the future of prosthetics?

Nowadays, it is sought that they be less invasive, that they provide greater mobility and that they be made with more resistant and durable materials, so that the objective of the surgery is to recover all activities, including recreational and sports activities.