Monthly Archives: October 2022

hip pain

What are hip diseases?

Hip pain is the main symptom that something is not right and it can be related to several diseases. 

We know that the hip is responsible for supporting the body and connecting the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis (acetabulum). And this fitting of the head of the femur with the bone of the pelvis needs to be exact, as any type of deficiency or malformation results in the emergence of problems in the region, which include pain in the gluteus, lower back, groin, knees and legs.

It is important that the cause is always investigated so that the appropriate treatment is applied. Among the main diseases of the hip are:

  • Osteoarthritis: chronic degenerative disease that wears out cartilage, decreasing joint space, which causes limited movements, leading the person to start limping, in most cases.
  • Arthritis: Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease, which can affect multiple joints. It generates pain, swelling and reduced range of motion. The main cause for this pathology is genetics.
  • Epiphysiolysis: this disease is related to the growth of the femur that generates the slipping of the femoral head in the pelvis. Symptoms include groin pain, which may extend to the inner thigh to the knee, and decreased hip mobility.
  • Hip Developmental Dysplasia (DDH): known as congenital dislocation, DDH happens when the femur is not articulated with the pelvis, that is, there is a displacement between the head of the thigh bone and the acetabulum. The disease brings a noticeable difference between the limbs, in addition to causing pain in the knees and lumbar spine.
  • Bursitis: is characterized by inflammation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that surrounds the joints and acts as a cushion between the bones, tendons and muscle tissues. Causes pain when getting up, walking, climbing stairs, and driving.
  • Pubalgia: tendinitis of the adductors of the hip or abdomen, with all affected muscles and tendons having their insertion in the pubic bone.
  • Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome: when there are one or more changes in the shape of the hip, which can be of the CAME, PINCER type or a combination of them (mixed type). These bone changes can cause abnormal contact between the femoral neck, acetabular rim and acetabular labrum, causing damage to the articular cartilage.

If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, it is important to seek the help of a hip specialist orthopaedic in Delhi. This is the case of Dr. Ashu Consul, who has been working in this area for over 15 years. Schedule a consultation right now!