Orthopaedic conditions encompass a range of ailments that affect our musculoskeletal system, which includes our bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. These conditions can lead to pain, limited mobility, and reduced quality of life. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most frequently encountered orthopaedic issues, their causes, and potential treatments.
What is it? Arthritis is a group of conditions characterized by joint inflammation. The two most common types are osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear of joint cartilage) and rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease).
Causes: Aging, genetics, injuries, and excessive joint use can contribute to arthritis.
Treatment: Management includes medications, physical therapy, lifestyle modifications, and in some cases, joint replacement surgery.
2. Back Pain
What is it? Back pain can result from various causes, including muscle strains, herniated discs, or underlying medical conditions.
Causes: Poor posture, heavy lifting, obesity, and spinal conditions are common causes.
Treatment: Treatment ranges from rest, physical therapy, pain medications, and, in severe cases, surgical interventions.
What are they? Fractures are broken bones. They can vary in severity from simple cracks to complex breaks.
Causes: Accidents, falls, sports injuries, and weakening bones can lead to fractures.
Treatment: Treatment involves immobilization with casts, splints, or surgical procedures for more severe fractures.
What is it? Tendonitis is the inflammation of tendons, which connect muscles to bones. It often causes pain and limited joint movement.
Causes: Repetitive motions, overuse, and ageing can contribute to tendonitis.
Treatment: Rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and sometimes corticosteroid injections help alleviate symptoms.
5. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
What is it? Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition where pressure on the median nerve in the wrist causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers.
Causes: Repetitive hand and wrist movements, obesity, and genetics can play a role.
Treatment: Treatment may include wrist splints, physical therapy, pain medications, or surgery in severe cases.
6. Rotator Cuff Injuries
What are they? The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons in the shoulder. Injuries to this area can result in pain and reduced shoulder mobility.
Causes: Overuse, trauma, and age-related changes can lead to rotator cuff injuries.
Treatment: Treatment may include rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, or surgery if conservative methods fail.
7. Knee Injuries
What are they? Knee injuries, such as ACL tears or meniscus tears, can cause pain and instability in the knee joint.
Causes: Sports injuries, falls, and accidents are common causes of knee injuries.
Treatment: Treatment varies but may include physical therapy, bracing, or surgical repair.
What is it? Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weakened bones, making them more susceptible to fractures.
Causes: Aging, hormonal changes, and a lack of calcium and vitamin D can contribute to osteoporosis.
Treatment: Treatment includes medications, dietary changes, weight-bearing exercises, and fall prevention strategies.
These are just a few of the common orthopaedic conditions that people may encounter. It’s essential to consult with an orthopaedic in Dwarka for an accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment plan if you or someone you know is experiencing orthopedic issues. Remember that early intervention and proper management can significantly improve your quality of life and mobility.