The most common reason for total knee replacement surgery in Delhi is to relieve severe arthritis pain. Dr Ashu Consul may recommend it if: You are having pain from knee arthritis that keeps you from sleeping or doing your normal activities. He cannot walk or take care of himself.
All About Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Delhi
What is arthritis and why does my knee hurt?
In the knee joint, there is a layer of smooth cartilage on the lower end of the FEMUR (thighbone), the upper end of the TIBIA (shinbone) and the undersurface of the kneecap (patella). This cartilage serves as a cushion and allows for smooth frictionless motion of the knee. Arthritis is a wearing away of this smooth cartilage. Eventually, it wears down to the bone. Rubbing of bone against bone causes pain, swelling, and stiffness & characteristic sound known as crepitus.
What is its type?
Broadly they are categorized into.
- Osteoarthritis – It is a degenerative (age and wear tear related)disease, and is a most common type of arthritis characterized by the breakdown of joints cartilage leading bones to rub against each other, causing stiffness, pain/loss of joint movement.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis – It is a blood born arthritis in which our immune system attacks its joints and damages it. It involves multiple joints in a symmetrical pattern. Commonly known as “gathia bai”
- Posttraumatic Arthritis – It is a form of arthritis that develops after an injury to the knee. For example, a broken bone may damage the joint surface and lead to arthritis years after the injury.
How many people suffer from it?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the second most common rheumatologic problem and is the most frequent joint disease with a prevalence of 22% to 39% in India. This is the most common cause of locomotor disability in the elderly.
What is the treatment of arthritis?
Sadly there is no cure for arthritis but there are a number of treatments that may help relieve the pain and disability it can cause.
Is there any nonsurgical treatment available for it?
Yes! as with other arthritic conditions, initial treatment of arthritis of the knee is nonsurgical. Orthopedic in Delhi may recommend a range of treatment options. Like lifestyle modifications, physiotherapy, assistive devices, losing weight which can be of help in initial stages.
I am able to just manage with painkillers do is surgery advisable for me?
If you are taking painkiller tablets, not able to walk, are not able to perform your daily routine activities comfortably, denying the fact you have a problem is not the solution. Painkillers of allopathic/ayurvedic/homeopathy are not the solution. These are temporary methods.
Do pain killer have side effects
Their excess intake exposes you to the risk of gastric ulcers and kidney damage. all painkillers cause kidney damage for sure and prolonged use may damage kidneys irreparably, thus forcing one to go for repeated dialysis and kidney transplant in Delhi.
Gastrointestinal toxicity is present in 50% of NSAIDs (Pain Killers) users and 5.4% develop a more serious event requiring hospitalization due to its frequent use.
What goals does replacement fulfill?
- Permanently relieves pain that does not respond to other treatment options, so making walking pain-free.
- Straightens the knee to the original position.
- Brings back the walking ability.
- Improved alignment of deformed joints.
When to go for surgery /replacement in arthritis?
Ask yourself: Have I tried everything? Is my knee holding me back from doing the things I enjoy?
Delaying or declining a necessary knee replacement in Delhi could result in a less favorable outcome. But if you are having trouble getting up to answer the phone or walk to your car, you may be a candidate.
At what age should it be done?
Age is not the deciding factor.
I have reservations regarding its success?
Total knee replacement surgery in Delhi has a high rate of success in eliminating pain and restoring range of motion; 90-95% of patients achieve good to excellent results.
What is a total knee replacement?
Total knee replacement surgery in Delhi is really a cartilage replacement with an artificial surface. The knee itself is not replaced, as is commonly thought, but rather an artificial substitute for the cartilage is inserted on the end of the bones.
Do I need to replace both my knee at the same time or not?
If your both knee have advanced arthritis going for replacement of both knee at the same time reduces the cost, rehabilitation and recovery time.
How much pain will I experience after surgery?
At our center pain management is one of the top priorities. Our dedicated pain management team uses sophisticated methods such as spinal epidural catheters patient-controlled anesthesia transdermal patches to keep you virtually pain-free in the postoperative period. After you have recovered from surgery, you should experience significantly less pain in your knee.
Will I require a blood transfusion for surgery?
A generally not as we do without muscle cutting technique which further reduces blood loss. However one may require if a person is already having less reserve.
What is the recovery time?
Each patient heals from surgery at a different Pace. We make the patients walk usually after 48 hrs of operation with walker support. In most cases, you will be restricted to the use of a walker for approximately 2-3 weeks. You will be able to climb up and downstairs with a stick at 3 weeks. And will be walking without any support by 6 weeks time.
What special advantageous technique you use for surgery?
At our center, we perform minimally invasive (smaller incision) total knee replacement surgery in Delhi, no muscle cut technique which further reduces infection chances and hastens recovery (less blood loss) and usually we do not use a tourniquet for a long period so thigh pain is less.
Reasons for Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Delhi (Indications)
A patient suffering from Pain, difficulty in walking, bowing of legs or instability, may benefit from a Total Knee Replacement. The above symptoms may be due to underlying conditions like Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Previous injury, and various other conditions. Surgery is indicated if the above symptoms continue to affect your lifestyle, in spite of adequate non-operative treatment.
Benefits of Total Knee Replacement
- BETTER ALIGNMENT SO NO DEFORMITY
- FRICTION FREE SURFACE SO NO PAIN
- STABLE IMPLANT SO NO INSTABILITY
Painless walking is the goal of total knee replacement
Consultation before Knee Replacement Surgery (Pre-OP)
It is important to discuss with your surgeon, your diagnosis, other options of treatment, the procedure, the postoperative course, and possible complications. Please take your medicines with you and you may be advised to stop some of them, before surgery.
You may also be required to see other specialists like the Anaesthetist ( The doctor, who may put you to sleep or otherwise), Other medical specialists like the Cardiologist, if required, the Physiotherapist and the Occupational therapists.
Anesthesia for Knee Replacement
The Anaesthetist, in consultation with you, usually decides on the type of Anaesthesia. The options are usually General Anaesthesia, Spinal Anaesthesia, Epidural Anaesthesia, and Nerve blocks. Sometimes, a combination may also be employed to provide adequate Anaesthesia during the procedure and adequate analgesia (pain relief) after the procedure.
The Operative Procedure for Total Knee Replacement
It involves a skin incision (surgical cut) on the midline of the knee. By careful dissection, the joint is approached and inspected. The worn-out cartilage and bone surfaces are shaved off. The bone ends are prepared meticulously and systematically to accept the selected prosthesis (artificial knee implant). These are usually fixed with a special cement (poly-methyl-methacrylate), but may not be in some implants (uncemented). Apart from the long bone ends (femur and Tibia), the patella may also be re-surfaced, in some instances.
The tissues are carefully repaired back with sutures and clips. Dressings are applied around the knee, at the end of the procedure. Antibiotics are usually administered at the start of the procedure, to minimize the risk of infection. The precautions taken include maintaining a sterile field, using antibiotic-loaded cement and performing the procedure in laminar flow Theatres.
After the procedure, the patient is usually moved to the recovery room for a few hours and subsequently back to the ward.
Post-operative Care after Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Delhi
Pain relief after the procedure is adequately provided by various options like epidurals, patient-controlled anesthesia, Nerve blocks, Injections, patches, tablets etc. The Anaesthetist, who may be a part of the pain team, will be responsible for this.
Whilst in the ward, you may be provided with stockings, fitted with compressive stockings and may be given injections or tablets, to minimize the risk of developing clots in the body.
You may have to visit the Radiology department, to get some X-rays of your operated knee, showing the implants. You may a couple of dressing changes, while you are in the hospital.
Post-operative rehabilitation after Total Knee Replacement
The physiotherapist will visit you in the ward and encourage you to start getting up and walking. The sooner a patient is able to do this the earlier the progress in rehabilitation and the earlier the discharge. Initially, you may be provided with a walker or a frame and subsequently progressed to crutches or sticks. If you have steps to negotiate at home, they will help you with them, before discharge.
After Discharge from Knee Replacement Surgery
You will be advised to wear your anti-embolic stocking for at least 6 weeks. You will be advised on the physiotherapy and appropriate exercises. It is important to diligently perform these to get good extension and flexion in the joint.
You will be advised to see the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi in 2 weeks time, when the clips or sutures on the skin may be removed. Here you will be advised on the progress of your physiotherapy and subsequent review. Success
Total Knee Replacement is an extremely successful operation throughout the whole world. It is very good for relieving pain in appropriately indicated patients. The success rate is reported at 95%.
TOTAL JOINT (KNEE) REPLACEMENT
If your symptoms continue to be bad and you have had no relief from the above-mentioned options, your doctor may offer you a Total Knee Replacement. This is a surgical procedure, where the joint surfaces that are worn out are replaced with metal implants and an intervening polyethylene insert. You would need a General or a Regional Anaesthesia for this procedure.
In the appropriately selected patient, Total Knee Replacement in West Delhi offers excellent pain relief and great improvement in their quality of life. It is one of the most successful of operations, performed throughout the world. Most people are extremely happy with the outcome.